Swollen gums can begin with the buildup of plaque which is a natural sticky film that contains bacteria. Plaque produces a toxin that can cause irritation to the gums and can lead to gingivitis. At some point in the life of many Americans, up to 75% of the population will have an experience with gingivitis. Here is a list of some of the stressors which could cause the problem and some possible cures.
Improper Brushing Technique
You might not be brushing correctly. Brush for a minimum of two minutes, or longer if your teeth don't feel clean. Use a 45 ° angle making sure you cover each surface of the tooth and don't forget to clean your tongue. You should use only toothpaste with the American Dental Association (ADA) seal. Don't forget to floss.
Smoking can make you two times more likely to have gum disease versus someone who doesn't smoke. Smoking can also weaken your body's immune system making the infection of your gums a likely scenario.
Stress and Medications
If you are stressed, the hormone levels of cortisol are increased which can lead to inflammation that can cause gum issues. Some medications have side effects which could also have an adverse effect on your gums such as gingival overgrowth. This overgrowth is a condition that is caused by a buildup of gum tissue that can grow over your teeth. This growth can create bacterial growth and swelling.
If your gums are swollen, and you have done all you can do at home, it might be time to contact your dentist. Regular cleanings are one of the best ways to prevent some of the issues concerning your gums. However, if you haven't managed to stay ahead of the problem, you might need other options including scaling and root planing.
Scaling and Root Planing Options
According to a study in 2015, chronic periodontitis/gum disease reaches over 47.2% of adults over 30 years old. Tartar and plaque can move into the pockets that have formed when gum disease has opened the gum line. Regular cleaning won't repair the damage. Scaling occurs when the tartar and plaque are removed above the gum line and cleaned to the bottom of the pocket.
Root planing will smooth out the roots of the teeth so the roots can reattach to the teeth. The procedure might need a local anesthetic, and it could take more than one visit.
It will take a dentist, like Kappenman Family Dental, to diagnose correctly why the gums are swollen. You will benefit from regular visits, but it is essential to act quickly if you are having swollen gum problems.